Skip to main content

Table 1 The adjustment of industrial structure in China: 1952 to 2010

From: The development of the service industry in the modern economy: mechanisms and implications for China

  Year Primary industry Secondary industry Industry Tertiary industry Transportation, post, and telecommunication Wholesale, retail, and catering
Nominal share of services in GDP (%) 1952 50.37 20.88 17.64 28.62 4.27 11.83
1978 28.19 47.88 44.09 23.94 4.99 6.65
1984 32.13 43.09 38.69 24.78 4.70 5.04
1992 21.79 43.45 38.20 34.76 6.27 8.93
2001 14.39 45.15 39.74 40.46 6.27 8.32
2009 10.33 46.24 39.67 43.43 4.91 8.50
2010 10.18 46.86 40.21 42.97 4.77 8.63
Share of services in total employment (%) 1952 83.54 7.39   9.07   
1978 70.53 17.30   12.18   
1984 64.05 19.90   16.06   
1992 58.50 21.70   19.80   
2001 50.00 22.30   27.70   
2009 38.09 27.80   34.11   
  1. Please take note of the following: According to China's statistical classification, the tertiary industry is approximately equivalent to service industry except that the latter also covers services for agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, and fishing which are included in the primary industry. We will use the terms tertiary industry and service industry interchangeablyn. Source: Author's calculation based on the CEIC database.